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Greenhouse Gas News Archive 2002

petrol station17th December 2002  Canada Can
Canada has ratified the Kyoto protocol, paving the way for Russia to also ratify and for the agreement to finally come into force. This would give real meaning to the protocol, despite the absence of the US and Australia.


summer flowers17th December 2002  Scratched Record
2002 will be one of the warmest ever recorded either globally or in the UK, according to meterologists. It is set to be the 4th warmest year in the UK for 350 years and the 2nd warmest globally since records began.


ice sheet11th December 2002  More Melting Moments
Mark Serreze, and colleagues in Colorado, have reported record shrinkage of ice sheets in the Arctic and Greenland during the summer of 2002. It is feared that 20 percent of Arctic sea ice could be lost by 2050.


small change6th December 2002  Gas Exchange
International GHG emissions trading appears to be gathering pace. The Slovak Republic will today sell some of its GHG emission allowances to a group in Japan. While EU wide trading looks set to take off.


ice crust6th December 2002  Warmer Snow
An international team, headed by Kent Moore of the University of Toronto, have shown significant warming in Canada during the last 150 years. A feature of the warming has been an increase in annual snowfall.


kitchen waste27th November 2002  Waste Not
Jian Yu, and colleagues in Honolulu, has revealed a biological reactor which promises to allow the conversion of food scraps into usable plastics, so helping to reduce methane production in landfill sites.


spring flowers24th November 2002  Costa del Solihull
UK conservationists, as well as the National Trust and the Royal Horticultural Society, have warned of the threat posed to traditional English gardens by global warming. Staple features like lawns may be at risk.


burning wood24th November 2002  Smoke Signals
Martin Wooster, of King's College, London, has highlighted the potential to measure wildfire GHG emission using infrared sensors mounted on satellites, such as the European Space Agency's ENVISAT.


drained soil17th November 2002  Methane Management
Changsheng Li, with colleagues in China and US, has revealed how reductions in rice paddy methane have been achieved by changes in water use. More frequent draining helps to greatly reduce methanogenesis.


billowing smoke10th November 2002  Burning Issue
Susan Page and colleagues have reported on the huge amounts of carbon dioxide that are released by wildfires in tropical regions. Emissions during 1997 equalled Europe's total fossil fuel related carbon emissions.


cornish coast7th November 2002  Rising Prices
A new report, released at the latest conference of the parties (COP) in Delhi, has highlighted the already huge financial cost incurred from global warming. The report calls for greater support for adaptation.


phone off the hook5th November 2002  Arrested Development
Developing countries meeting in Delhi have rejected calls from Western governments to commit to GHG reduction targets. They cite their greater need for economic advancement as justification.


lorry and push bike3rd November 2002  Hard Target
The UK government's GHG emission reduction target of a 20 percent cut by 2010 now looks unlikely to be met. Provisional figures show that GHG emissions have actually risen by over 1 percent since 1997.


small change2nd November 2002  Levy Losses
UK business has called for the chancellor to alter the Climate Change Levy (CCL). The CCL is designed to drive up energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions, but some business leaders think it is too costly.


waterfall31st October 2002  Lake Alarm
Global warming has been cited as the cause for a substantial increase in the water level of a remote lake in central Asia. There is concern that such lake level rise could increase the risk of flooding downstream.


sunlit tree29th October 2002  Trouble with Trees
Riccardo Valentini and co-workers, on the Europe-wide CarboEurope programme, have reported that the planting of trees to meet Kyoto protocol targets may in fact cause a release of CO2 in the first 10 years.


light bulb24th October 2002  Water Works
Thorstein Sigmarsson and colleagues in Iceland have developed a device which is able to generate electricty from water using the so-called 'thermo-electric effect'. The device could reduce energy related GHG emissions.


fuel station24th October 2002  RSPB Plea
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) have called on developed countries to begin working towards very large cuts in GHG emissions. They state that cuts of 60 percent are needed by the year 2050.


woodland22nd October 2002  Carbon Collective
US based Sara Scherr, and co-authors, have reported that collaboration between local people and big business may allow simultaneous global warming mitigation and increased prosperity in developing countries.


Dave Reay19th October 2002  Cost Effective
Dave Reay, of the University of Edinburgh (and, has described how UK citizens can save themselves £80,000 and cut GHG emissions by around 1,000 tonnes through a GHG aware lifestyle.


melting ice18th October 2002  Snow Melt
The iconic snow cap of Mount Kilimanjaro will be gone within two decades due to global warming, according to researchers at Ohio State University in the US. Its loss may result in a large reduction in tourism in the area.


high cloud17th October 2002  Hot on the Trail
A report by Robert Noland of Imperial College, London, and his co-authors, suggests that aircraft could increase their carbon dioxide emissions and still reduce their global warming impact by flying at lower altitudes.


light bulb13th October 2002  Waste Energy
Chris Melhuish and colleagues at the University of West England, UK, have developed a battery which runs on organic waste. The battery could one day allow households to generate power from their kitchen scraps.


coins7th October 2002  Rising Price
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have called on businesses, as well as governments, to act on climate change or face dire financial consequences in years to come.


farm land2nd October 2002  On Reflection
US researchers, led by Roger Pielke, have suggested that the impact of man-made changes in land-use on global climate has been at least as large as that caused by our emissions of greenhouse gases.


burning wood29th September 2002  Sooty Sweep
Surabi Menon and James Hansen, US researchers, have suggested that black carbon emissions in China are a direct contributor to climate change. Reducing emissions could also bring substantial health benefits.


Logo of GHG online28th September 2002  Google Hit
GreenHouse Gas Online has recently become the top ranked web site in the world for 'greenhouse gas news' on the popular internet search engine We aim to fully justify this ranking and keep standards high.


car exhaust27th September 2002  Wind In Your Sails
French engineers have apparently developed a car which is able to run on compressed air alone. The car will have almost zero GHG emissions and be very cheap to run. It is said to have a top speed of 65 mph.


sunlit daffodils22nd September 2002  By Degrees
James Hansen and colleagues in the US have predicted that global warming will continue even if GHG emissions are cut, albeit at a slower rate. Their model helps to demonstrate man's forcing of climate in the last 50 years.


car passing fuel station19th September 2002  Cooking Oil
Paul Day, an industrial chemist from Kent, UK, has developed a fuel which could help cut vehicle GHG emissions. The fuel is based on a mixture of diesel, bean oil and water and has been named Aquafuel.


flooded road and signpost16th September 2002  Car Pool
Britain's Energy Saving Trust has warned that the UK faces devastating flooding as a result of global warming. Their report calls for increased energy efficiency and decreased car use to reduce our GHG emissions.


the southern ocean11th September 2002  Buried at Sea
Andrew Chadwick and colleagues, from the British Geological Survey, have found that an experiment to trap large amounts of carbon dioxide under the North Sea over the last six years has been a success.


large southern ocean starfish10th September 2002  Heat Shock
Lloyd Peck and colleagues, from the British Antarctic Survey, have reported that many Southern Ocean invertebrate species may become extinct if warming predictions for the region are correct.


sunlight underneath a stone canal bridge4th September 2002  Bear Hug
Russia will soon ratify the Kyoto protocol according to Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov. Russia's ratification should mean that the crucial Kyoto target of 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions is reached.


bicycle behind a large lorry2nd September 2002  Blair Right
Tony Blair has condemned those countries which have refused to sign up to the Kyoto protocol, the most notable non-signatory being the US. Mr Blair made his comments at the Johannesburg World Summit.


green leaf in the sun30th August 2002  Power Plant
James Dumesic and colleagues, US researchers, have developed a process by which hydrogen can be made from plant matter. There is hope that the process may eventually allow efficient production of hydrogen fuel.


ice crust24th August 2002  Mammoth Problem
Belgian researchers, Andre Berger and Marie-France Loutre, have warned that global warming could prevent future ice-age events and effectively put an end to the past climate cycle of freeze followed by thaw.


wheat field21st August 2002  African Threat
A WWF report has highlighted the threat to millions of Africans who face severe effects of climate change. Pressure is being put on Tony Blair and other leaders at the Johannesburg World Summit to cut GHG emissions.


rice in a bowl20th August 2002  Rice Paper
Research in the Phillipines has shown that methane emissions from rice paddies can be lowered by increasing rice yields. It seems that, where yields are low, more carbon is available for methanogenesis.


burning wood14th August 2002  Dark Skies
Paul Crutzen and fellow climatologists have reported research on the huge Asian pollution cloud. The cloud, caused by wood and fossil fuel burning, is thought to have a complex effect on both local and world climate.


muddy waters11th August 2002  Black Sea Boon
Antje Boetius and colleagues from the Max Planck society in Germany have reported the discovery of novel methanotrophs on the sea floor of the Black Sea. It is hoped that these bacteria could help control CH4 levels.


cloud in blue sky8th August 2002  Wing Tip
US researcher David Travis, and colleagues, have reported a small but discernible cooling effect of air craft contrails on our climate. The group used the absence of air traffic after September 11th for their study.


rising sun7th August 2002  Cosmic truth
Fangqun Yu, a US researcher, has suggested that cosmic rays are responsible for the apparent discrepancy between climate warming at the Earth's surface and lack of it in the lower atmosphere.


gas flame4th August 2002  Carbon alchemy
Japanese scientist, Nakamichi Yamasaki, reports that he has developed a process which enables propane and butane production at low temperatures and pressures. Recycling of CO2 by this process is now a possibility.


3rd August 2002  Cold Comfort
A study examining the likely effects of climate change in the UK has predicted that the number of cold-related deaths may fall by up to 20,000 a year. Ozone related illness, though, is expected to rise.


cars at traffic lights30th July 2002  In Roads
California's governor, Gray Davis, has signed the first US treaty specifically aimed at cutting greenhouse gas emissions from cars in his state. The moves may well be challenged in court, but Davis seems determined.


flooded raod28th July 2002  No Flood Defence
David Anderson and co-workers in the US and India have warned that torrential rainfall and flooding in the next 100 years may result from global warming. The threat is greatest in the Southern Hemisphere.


20th July 2002  Baked Alaska
Anthony Arendt and colleagues at the University of Alaska have reported a rapid increase in the rate of glacial melt in Alaska. This melt is now thought to account for up to 9 per cent of recent sea level rise.


A computer monitor11th July 2002  Sinking In
John Harrison, an Australian inventor, claims that his new eco-cement can absorb carbon dioxide. He says that each tonne of the cement can take up 0.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide and so could be an important sink.


A computer monitor2nd July 2002  Heart of Africa
The United nations Environment Programme (UNEP) reports that Africa faces irreparable environmental damage over the next 30 years if climate change is not kept under control.


A computer monitor2nd July 2002  In the detail
Climate modeller Armin Blunde and colleagues have reported that climate forecast models are often poor at producing short term (monthly and yearly) fluctuations in atmospheric temperature.


Sun drenched spring flowers2nd July 2002  Early Flutter
Entomologist John Burton and Tim Sparks of NERC report that butterflies are being seen around Britain up to a month ealier than they were 60 years ago. Climatic change and earlier Spring may explain their findings.


A refrigerator21st June 2002  Fridge Mountains
The implementation of EU rules, designed to prevent CFC release during fridge disposal, has caused the build up of UK fridge mountains which may cost the government many millions of pounds to clear.


Fungi growing on a tree21st June 2002  Warm Fever
US researcher Drew Harvell, and colleagues, have warned that global warming is leading to increased frequency and intensity of disease outbreaks. Many pathogens appear very sensitive to climate change.


Melting ice18th June 2002  Alaskan Exodus
Climate change and the melting of sea ice off Alaska may lead to the exodus of human inhabitants. Increased rates of soil erosion and instability are resulting from the ice melt are forcing resettlement of some villagers.


Garden flowers16th June 2002  Beeline for Britain
Global warming may allow bee-eaters to become resident in parts of the UK. A pair have been seen exhibiting courtship displays in County Durham. Bee-eaters have not successfully bred in the UK since 1955.


Coins13th June 2002  Long View
Tackling global warming through reductions in greenhouse gas emissions will be relatively inexpensive in the long term according to research by Sweden's Christian Azar and Stephen Schneider of the US.


Burning piece of wood12th June 2002  Ozone up
Anne Thompson and colleagues at NASA have reported that half of the ozone in our atmosphere is a result of natural atmospheric processes, though human activities, like biomass burning, account for the rest.


A telpehone, off the hook6th June 2002  Join the Club
Japan is the latest country to ratify the Kyoto protocol - last week all 15 EU states ratified the protocol. However, the absence of the US is making it difficult to reach the magic 55 percent global emissions target.


An open fridge6th June 2002  Out of the frying pan
Chris Rose, strategic advisor for Greenpeace, has again highlighted the problem of CFC substitutes, such as HFCs, acting as powerful greenhouse gases. Though they may save ozone, they can be powerful GHGs.


The Atlantic Coastline in  Cornwall, UK4th June 2002  Bush Hush
The Bush administration has admitted that global warming is a real and substantial problem, but the admission has not come with any plans to reduce US GHG emissions or rejoin the Kyoto protocol.


Grazing sheep4th June 2002  Roo Methane
Australian scientists are investigating the reason for inhibition of methane formation in kangaroo guts in the hope that the microbes responsible can then be used to reduce ruminant livestock methane emissions.


Spring flowers28th May 2002  Blooming Predictions
Alastair Fitter, a researcher at York university, and his father have reported the apparent impact of climate warming on the first flowering date of British plants. Blooming in some species is now 15 days earlier.


Central heating boiler28th May 2002  Crocodile Tears
Alison Leslie, speaking to the Royal Society of research into the Nile crocodile, warned that global temperatures rises, such as those predicted by the IPCC, could result in a unisex crocodile population and so extinction.


Coastline22nd May 2002  Coral key
Australian marine scientists have called for more research into the link or otherwise between global warming and the increase in coral bleaching on coral reefs around the world.


Car passing petrol station22nd May 2002  Greenpeace vs Esso
In protest at oil company Esso's stance of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change Greenpeace have blockaded the companies oil refinery near to the French city of Le Havre.


Bright flame18th May 2002  Biogas in Business
Britain's first large scale biogas power station is in business and hopes are that it will be the first of many. The plant, in Devon, runs on methane produced from locally sourced slurry and food processing waste.


Melting ice17th May 2002  Thin Ice
Climate change may be threatening the survival of polar bears. Rising sea temperatures can cause increased rates of sea ice melt and so a reduction in the hunting opportunities for ringed seals, their main food source.


A flooded road in Essex, UK16th May 2002  Venetian Bright Side
Research by Tevor Davies and Isabel Trigo of the University of East Anglia has indicated that global warming may in fact help to protect flood threatened Venice through changes in global weather patterns.


The Atlantic Coastline in  Cornwall, UK15th May 2002  Small Ireland
Andrew Cooper of the University of Ulster has warned of the shrinking of Ireland due to the increased coastline erosion, driven by global warming. The current rate of loss is thought to be around 750 acres each year.


Grassland12th May 2002  In your Shell-like
Oil company Shell is enhancing its green credentials by funding Canadian development of an ethanol based fuel derived from wood and straw, which could reduce car based greenhouse gas emissions by up to 90 percent.


A computer monitor12th May 2002  Doing your bit
A climate prediction computer program is being developed in the hope that it can be run on thousands of home computers. The aim is to give the best prediction yet of climate change over the next 50 years.


Light bulb11th May 2002  GHG Light
US scientists Shawn Lin and Jim Fleming have developed traditional light bulbs with much greater energy efficiency. Though their bulbs still contain a tungsten filament, it now has a novel crystalline pattern.


Grazinf sheep10th May 2002  Baa-Baa Breakthrough
New Zealand scientists, Garry Waghorn and Mike Tavendale, have found that tannins in the diet of ruminant livestock could help significantly reduce methane emissions from this source .


gas ring3rd May 2002  Head in the Sand?
More pressure has been put on the US to curb its greenhouse gas emissions. The International Energy Agency has warned that global efforts to reduce global warming will fail without the cooperation of the US.


daffodils2nd May 2002  Forward Planning
People in the UK should be readying themselves for the impact of global warming. Parts of the Southeast may see temperatures rise by more than 5 degrees C and droughts and floods may become more frequent.


Light bulb1st May 2002  Gas Bills
Households in Victoria state, Australia, will receive a report of their individual greenhouse gas emissions on their electricity bills. The bills will also give details of ways in which GHG emissions could be cut.


Muddy water29th April 2002  Muck and Money
Researchers from the University of Warwick, UK, claim to have vastly improved the efficiency of hydrogen production from sewage. The improvement comes from the additional breakdown of methane.


petrol station21st April 2002  Elementary?
Robert Watson has been voted out as chair of the IPCC. In a move, seen by many as orchestrated by Exxon-Mobil and the Bush administration, Watson was replaced by current vice-chair Rajendra Pachauri.


Fish head (Oscar)20th April 2002  Tropical Fish
Climate change is a key factor controlling Salmon populations and migration, Canadian researchers report in 'Nature'. Global warming could therefore exacerbate existing problems of overfishing and pollution.


Melting ice18th April 2002  Flood damage
Glacial melt, accelerated by rising global temperatures, may result in sudden and catastrophic floods in the the Himalayas, according to a United Nations study. 20 lakes in Nepal and 24 in Bhutan are at bursting point.


Grazing sheep18th April 2002  Warmish welcome
Gordon Brown's 2002 budget has received a warmish welcome from environmental groups. The budget includes the exemption from the climate change levy of electricity generated using coal mine methane .


12th April 2002  Warm Bleach
Global warming is an underlying factor in the huge die off of coral zooanthellae currently occurring in Australia's great barrier reef, according to Thomas Goreau president of the Global Coral Reef Alliance.


Autumn leaves11th April 2002  Changes afoot
Climate change will cause shifts in wildlife distribution and diversity according to a new study. The study, based on computer model predictions for the next 50 years, should help target species conservation efforts.


Fern fronds11th April 2002  Balancing act
The Amazon rainforest emits as much CO2 as it takes up, Jeffrey Richey and his team from the University of Washington report. Much of the released CO2 seems to be emitted from Amazonia's rivers and wetlands.


Woodland10th April 2002  Sinking feeling
New Scientist reports a four-year study of how much CO2 trees are able to absorb which has found that the potential for such CO2 uptake to balance future increases in emission is much lower than hoped.


Car exhaust6th April 2002  Oily Maneuvers
The oil giant ExxonMobil has put pressure on the Bush administration to get rid of Robert Watson, current chairman of the IPCC and outspoken supporter of action to tackle climate change.


Cars on the road30th March 2002  Keeping Bad Company
In a move designed to reduce the number of gas guzzling company cars on UK roads, the treasury is introducing a new car tax regime whereby the more carbon dioxide the car produces the higher the tax.


Bubbling water27th March 2002 Methane extinction
The melting and release of huge plumes of methane from hydrate deposits in the sea floor may have been responsible for the mass extinction of life which fossils indicate took place around 250 million years ago.


5th March 2002  Kyoto beckons
European Union environment ministers have again expressed their commitment to the Kyoto protocol and have increased the pressure on the US administration to reconsider its isolationist stance on global warming.


A waterlogged field, Essex2nd March 2002  Star Gazing
A large monitoring satellite has been launched with the intention of recording data on environmental change and global warming. It has hoped that the data will allow better prediction of climate change.


1st March 2002  Tuvalu in trouble
The low lying South Pacific island nation of Tuvalu may become one of the first clear victims of global warming. Increased storm intensity and rising sea lvels threaten to obliterate the nine islands that make up Tuvalu.


A waterlogged field, Essex24th February 2002  Early Risers
The trend of shorter Winters and earlier Springs in the UK has continued this year, with sightings of flowering daffodils in Scotland, frogs spawn and budding hedgerows all having been made.


21st February 2002  Malaria Maker
The previously suggested link between climate change and an upsurge in malaria in East Africa has been disputed by researchers from Oxford University. Instead, they propose that drug resistance and poor healthcare are more likely culprits.


21st February 2002  Methane mining
A team of scientists from Cornell University in the US is attempting to grow methanogenic bacteria from acidic wetlands, with the hope of their future use in bioengineering or in the controlled production methane.


18th February 2002  Deeper trouble
A new study has predicted sea level rise of up to 30cm over the next century, almost twice the IPCC estimate. On top of the existing IPCC considerations, Mike Meier has also included glacial melt in Alaska, Antarctica and Greenland in the new forecast.


18th February 2002  Smoke Signal
Smoke is significantly affecting our climate, according to studies discussed this week in Boston, US. The researchers highlight the need for such aerosols to be properly included in climate change predictions.


16th February 2002  Bush's Kyoto
US president, George Bush, has announced details of his alternative to the Kyoto protocol. Bush made no overt commitment to cut greenhouse gas emissions, but instead proposes linking emission targets with GDP.


15th February 2002  Daily doses
The climate monitoring station on Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii seems to be experiencing the effects of modern day work practices. CO2 concentrations at the observatory are peaking during mid-week and falling at the weekends, apparently as a result of human activity.


7th February 2002  Slack water
Water circulation in the Pacific is reported to have slowed since the 1970's. The US researchers, writing in Nature, make the connection between this slowing in circulation rate and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.


30th January 2002  Rising tide
Tim Palmer and Jouni Räisänen report this week, in the journal Nature, of our increasing risk of extreme rainfall events due to changing climate. It seems the likelihood of such extreme rainfall during winter will increase by around 5 times in the next 50-100 years.


24th January 2002  Tracing Climate Change
Phillipe Collon and co-workers from the US may have struck upon a useful new technique to study climatic change via oceanic currents. The team have developed a new method for detecting argon at extremely low concentrations.


17th January 2002  Antarctic getting colder?
A US group have suggested that, contrary to current climate models, the Antarctic may be getting colder rather than warmer. The group cite 35 years of Antarctic climate data, but other climate researchers disagree with these findings.



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